The conflict level for Ethiopia is 2.4 which shows that the nation conflicts are characterized by incidences of open disputes and violence with the increased intolerances by rival actors. Ethiopia indeed offers an interesting study of inter-state conflict where the state government are clashing with the national federal government. Ethnic federalism has taken the center stage of the conflicts in Ethiopia with boarder violence and incitement being the most prevalent conflict in the nation. The territorial disputes that have erupted in the recent past in Ethiopia has been the key issues often escalating to protracted political violence. The recent call by the national government urging the federal states to let their army be absorbed into the national government army has intensified the conflict that has seen some of the federal states like the Tigray demanding for cessation from the federal government of Ethiopia. Other prevalent conflict situations ongoing in Ethiopia identified by the CMT-2023 include political violence, the illegal settlement of internally displaced persons, cattle rustling, gender-based and sexual violence, resource-based violence and domestic violence.
The CMT-2023 also reveals a complex web of conflict drivers in Ethiopia, with political and economic marginalization, the proliferation of small arms, and the presence of multiple armed groups being among the most prominent factors that triggers conflicts in the nation. With regards to the actors, the CMT-2023 analysis highlights a diverse range of perceptions regarding the responsibility for ongoing conflicts in Ethiopia. Political leaders and armed militia groups are seen as most responsible, while government security forces, religious leaders, and community leaders also play significant roles in conflict dynamics in Ethiopia. On the perceptions regarding the effectiveness of different groups and institutions in resolving conflicts in Ethiopia, the CMT-2023 data reveals that the religious institutions, peace committees, and councils of elders are the most effective actors that have played a key role in promoting effective conflict resolution efforts in Ethiopia. Finally, the CMT-2023 data reveals a diverse range of perceptions regarding the challenges of resolving ongoing conflicts in Ethiopia. Lack of consensus among peace actors and corruption are seen as very challenging, while the
reformed judicial system, political tensions, and historical grievances are perceived as moderately challenging.