Elias O. Opongo SJ.(ed) with Linus Kawuondi, Joyce Raichenah and Nelly Kibet. ( HIPSIR Research Series, No. 5/2021/01) CONFLICT MONITORING IN AFRICA FOR STRATEGIC INTERVENTION: CASE STUDY OF DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO, SOUTH SUDAN AND KENYA (2020))

The end of the cold war witnessed a rise in the study of armed conflict in Africa, including its causes, effects, and much more extensively its mitigation and prevention. The problem of conflict, especially between communities and nations has always been a dominant concern for societies and civilizations. To explore strategies of managing and possibly resolving conflicts, an in-depth analysis of the causes, trends, and manifestations of conflicts is important, through a conflict monitoring exercise.

From the conflict monitoring exercise, preventive measures can be considered to ensure that the conflict is transformed and peace restored among the various parties involved. Hence, this book is a report of phase two of the development of the Conflict Monitoring Tool (CMT) by CRTP with the selected sample countries being Kenya, South Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). This report deals with the conceptualization of the conflict monitoring tool, analysis and also outlines the diverse areas of concern in the three countries before making some recommendations for action.

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Elias O. Opongo SJ.(ed) with Christine Wangechi Muthui; Faith Ondeng  (No. 4/2021/01) LEVELS OF CHANGE IN WOMEN’S PARTICIPATION IN THE PEACEBUILDING PROCESS IN AFRICA (2019)

The UNSCR 1325 of October 2000 underscores a gender perspective in all conflict prevention activities and strategies and women’s meaningful participation at all levels of peacebuilding processes. Despite the normative commitments at the global and national level to implement the resolution, the low level of women’s participation in high-level peace and security interventions has been a concern.

The main purpose of this study was to investigate whether gender representativeness has improved in high-level peacebuilding processes in 10 countries after the adoption of the UNSCR 1325. This study also sought to identify the issues hindering women’s participation in high-level mediation and peace processes as well as possible ways of closing such gaps.

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Elias O. Opongo SJ.(ed) with Peter Maundu, Joyce Raichenah; Faith Ondeng; Linus Kawuondi; Allan Induswe     (HIPSIR Research Series, No.3 2020/01) CONFLICT MONITORING IN AFRICA FOR STRATEGIC INTERVENTION: CASE STUDY OF DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO, SOUTH SUDAN AND KENYA (2020)

The problem of conflict especially between communities and nations has always been a dominant concern for societies and civilizations. The atrocities of war stimulated an awareness of the need to develop preventive strategies to mitigate conflict and its devastating effects. Further, to explore strategies of managing and possibly resolving conflicts, an in-depth analysis of causes, trends, and manifestations of conflicts is important.

In the development of a conflict monitoring tool, DRC, South Sudan, and Kenya have been selected due to the particular complexity of the conflicts they have experienced.  From this conflict monitoring exercise, preventive measures can be considered to ensure that the conflict is transformed and peace restored among the various parties involved

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Elias O. Opongo SJ. (HIPSIR Research Series No. 2017/12) KNOWLEDGE AND POLICY GAPS IN EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES IN KENYA: A BASELINE SURVEY IN TURKANA, KWALE, LAMU, MIGORI, KITUI, AND TAVETA (2017): This study aimed at assessing the gaps in knowledge, particularly concerning policy and advocacy strategies applied in addressing a diversity of issues in the management of extractive industries while evaluating the role of the local populations, county, and national government as well as civil society organizations. Between May and September 2017, a baseline survey was conducted in six counties mainly targeting community leaders, NGOs, CBOs, county government officials, and academic institutions. This helped highlight the key elements of knowledge and policy gaps in extractive industries.

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Elias O. Opongo SJ. and C.A. Mumma-Martinon (HIPSIR Research Series No.2 2018/6) TRUTH TELLING AND CULTURAL DYNAMICS AMONG MALE VICTIMS OF VIOLENCE IN MOUNT ELGON REGION IN KENYA (2018)

As post-election violence ravaged several parts of Kenya in 2008, getting the victims of the atrocities committed during the event to share their experience required the examination of a methodology, strategy and socio-cultural implications that played into the truth-telling process in Mt. Elgon.

Therefore, this research demonstrates that it is vital to have a clear methodological strategy, not only in accessing the Male Victims of Violence (MVV) but also in getting the society to recognize the socio-cultural vulnerabilities of the MVV in post-conflict reconstruction.

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON RELIGIOUS EXTREMISM AND VIOLENCE IN AFRICA (9-10 October 2018)

Held at HIPSIR, the conference focused on the examination of strategies and responses applied to addressing religious extremism and violence, the extent to which they have been effective, the challenges they have faced and possible review of such strategies and responses from political, security, economic, religious and sociocultural perspectives.

The conference also sought to expound on the understanding of religious extremism, what it is and what it’s not its dynamics, functions, actors, and their motivations, as well as identify major stakeholders that can address the religious extremism menace

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES IN AFRICA: ADDRESSING CONFLICTS AND INTEGRATING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (4-5 October 2016): Held at HIPSIR, with the main focus of addressing the conflicts and integrating sustainable development, the conference was informed by research on extractive industries carried out in Kenya, Zambia and Zimbabwe by African Forum for Social Teaching (AFCAST) in 2015. The discussions from the conference highlighted the existing best practices that give evidence of the improvement of quality of life from resource extraction, and the opportunities that the extractive industries create, while equally advising caution on practices that alienate parts of the population, propagate corruption and degrade the environment

Journal articles

  • Elias O. Opongo et al (July 2019) “South Sudan’s Costly Conflict and the Urgent Role of Religious Leaders.” The Review of Faith & International Affairs, 17:2, 37-46.